Bosnia & Herzegovina
Bosnia & Herzegovina (BA)
- Continent: Europe
- Area: 51,129 km²
- Population: 4,028,000
- Capital city: Sarajevo
- ISO code: BA
- National language: Bosnian, Croatian an Serbian
- International dialing code: +387
- Currency: Convertible Mark
- License plate number: BiH
- Alternative spelling: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bosnien und Herzegowina
- Flight routes from Bosnia & Herzegovina: 840
- Flight routes to Bosnia & Herzegovina: 819
- Popular airports: Banja Luka (BNX), Mostar (OMO), Sarajevo (SJJ), Tuzla (TZL)
- Large cities: Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Zenica, Tuzla, Mostar, Bihać, Bugojno, Brčko, Bijeljina, Prijedor, Trebinje, Travnik, Doboj, Cazin, Velika Kladuša
- Airlines based in Bosnia & Herzegovina: FlyBosnia
Bosnia & Herzegovina travel guide (Europe)
The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina gained independence from the state federation of Yugoslavia in 1991. It is a country in south-eastern Europe, bordered in the east by Serbia, the southeast by Montenegro and in the north, west and south-west by Croatia. The Mediterranean Sea borders the country for a few kilometers at Neum. A constantly moving history and the influence of many cultures and peoples, its well preserved nature and pleasant climate, all help lend this small state unique charm.
Geography. Bosnia is mostly mountainous with a continental climate and very cold winters. Towards the coast the climate is Mediterranean. With the exception of the northern stretch of country that extends along the Sava, the country consists of more or less high mountain ranges, the highest point being Treskavica measuring 2128 m (6950 feet). The Dinaric mountains and Herzegovina are on the border to the country to the south and west, in the north, the Sava and Una rivers form a natural border.
Travel. There are three international airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina: the main airport in Sarajevo and two airports in Mostar and Tuzla.
There is a well developed bus network in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a regular service to almost every town.
Capital. Sarajevo (Cyrillic Сарајево) is the capital with 304 000 inhabitants, and is also the largest city in the country. Sarajevo is situated in a valley surrounded on all sides by mountains. From 1992 to 1995 the city was bombarded daily from the surrounding mountains with snipers firing continuously during the Balkan war - it is the longest besieged city in world history. The architectural profile of the city is shaped by at least three architectural styles: the oriental style of the Ottoman period, the architecture of the Habsburg era, and the contemporary European style architecture. The main attraction of the city is the Old Town "Bascarsija", built during the Ottoman period. Popular tourist attractions here are the Gazi Husrev-Bey Mosque (1530-1531), the oldest mosque in the country, as well as a castle, from which wonderful views are to be had all directions. Various cultural events are held in the city every year, such as the Sarajevo Film Festival and the Jazz Festival. In the vicinity of Sarajevo, there are also two ski resorts: Jahorina and Bjelasnica, which became known worldwide during the Winter Games in 1984.
Major cities. Mostar is the largest city in Herzegovina. Its major landmark is the Ottoman bridge "Stari Most" over the Neretva, the most important river in Herzegovina. The bridge was destroyed during the Bosnian war in 2004 and consequently fully restored. In 2005, the old town was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. Also of interest is the Karadjoz-Beg mosque near the bridge. The Christian basilica in the suburb Cim is also worth a visit.
Many tourists come to the country to go rafting on the rivers Neretva, Una and Tara.
The town of Neum is the only place in Bosnia with an outlet to the Mediterranean Sea, and therefore also attractive for tourism. There are now many large hotels and many private pensions in the town.
Religion. Bosnian Muslims (about 43.7%), Serbian Orthodox Christians (about 31.4%), Croat Roman Catholic Christians (about 17.3%).