Greenland (GL)

Greenland travel guide (North America)

Greenland (Kalaalit Nunaat, "Land of Men") is the largest island in the world. Geographically, it is part of Arctic North America, politically it is an autonomous part of Denmark. Since 1979 there has been a statute of autonomy (hjemmestyreloven) on the island. Greenland is not a member of the European Union. Fascinating landscapes will greet the visitor: magnificent ice landscapes and a bizarre world of glaciers, huge icebergs and Fjörden, Inuit culture and Viking traces.

Geography. Greenland is the world's largest island by area with the second largest ice sheet on earth. In the north, Greenland borders on the frozen Arctic Ocean. The eastern part of Greenland borders on the Greenland Sea and the Irmiger Sea. In the west, it borders on the Davis Strait and Baffin Bay (marginal seas of the Atlantic). The north-west of Greenland is located by the Queen Elizabeth Islands, and merges almost into these vast and rugged islands. Greenland has only one ice-free coastal strip, which is where most of the towns and settlements are to be found.

Mountains. Greenland is surrounded by very high hills and mountains, which rise in the east of the island in Gunnbjörn to 3,700 m (about 10,000 ft). The highest elevation measures 3753m at Gunnbjørn Fjeld (also referred to as Hvitserk).

Weather. Greenland has a polar and subarctic climate, which is milder on the west coast due to the Gulf Stream. The temperature of the ice sheet has an absolute minimum of - 70 ° C, in the summer rising to 0 ° C. The coastal strip, 150 km wide on the west coast, and all the offshore islands are free of ice and covered by a tundra type vegetation. For climatic reasons, the towns and settlements are mainly in this ice-free strip on the western coast. The inland region which is covered in ice, is only used by research stations, e.g. North Ice.

Travel. The international airports in Greenland are Kangerlussuaq (Spring Hill, connections to Denmark), Narsarsuaq (in Narsaq, with links to Iceland and Denmark), Kulusuk (in Tasiilaq, connection to Iceland) and Constaple Point (at Ittoqqortoormiit, with links to Iceland).