- Continent: Asia
- Area: 437,072 km²
- Population: 26,074,906
- Capital city: Baghdad
- ISO code: IQ
- National language: Arabic
- International dialing code: +964
- Currency: Iraqi Dinar
- License plate number: IRQ
- Flight routes from Iraq: 1350
- Flight routes to Iraq: 1464
- Popular airports: Erbil (EBL), Basra (BSR), Najaf (NJF), Baghdad (BGW), Sulaimaniyah (ISU), Nasiriyah (XNH)
- Large cities: Baghdad, Mosul, Basra, Arbil Governorate, Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk, Najaf, Karbala, Nasiriyah, Al `Amārah, Ad Dīwānīyah, Kut, Al Hillah, Ramadi, Fallujah
- Airlines based in Iraq: Iraqi Airways, Fly Baghdad, UR Airlines
Iraq travel guide (Asia)
Iraq is in the area of Mesopotamia and borders on Kuwait, Saudi-Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey and the Persian Gulf . After the US army invasion in 2003, the country only regained national sovereignty on 28. June 2004, but is still facing many difficulties. After the breakdown of former power structures and the start of the civil war, relations between the western occupiers and the civil administrations are central to reconstruction measures. Here, real democracy and the retreat of the occupying forces seem to be absolutely necessary.
Geography. Iraq's territory covers the fertile crescent of Mesopotamia between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers and the mountainous and desert regions surrounding this area.
In the north east of the country is a mountain chain reaching an altitude of 3.000 m. This mountain range is part of the alpine mountains that stretch from the Balkans eastwards to Turkey, northern Iraq and Iran and then on to Afghanistan. Iraq is almost completely landlocked, the only stretch of coast being iin the area around the city of Umm Qasar on the Persian Gulf.
Climate. Temperatures fluctuate between 50°C (122 °F) in the summer and about 0°C in January. Frost is normal, especially in the mountains. The annual rainfall is between 10 and 18 cm. A large area of Iraq is covered by desert and steppe. The wettest time of the year is from December to April. The area around the Gulf is a little more humid.
Capital City. The capital Baghdad is in the middle of the country. The city has a population of 10.6 million, meaning it is one of the biggest cities in the Middle East. The city is the political, economic and cultural center of the country and seat of the Iraqi government, all national and religious administrative headquarters and embassies and consulates. Baghdad is the most significant transport hub in the country and also hosts a large number of universities, theaters and museums. Important museums include the National Museum (victim to looting and destruction and only recently reopened) and the weapons museum which is to be fond in the only remaining city gate.
Other cities in Iraq include Basra and Mossul.