- Continent: Europe
- Area: 20,273 km²
- Population: 2,003,584
- Capital city: Ljubljana
- ISO code: SI
- National language: Slovenian
- International dialing code: +386
- Currency: Euro
- License plate number: SLO
- Alternative spelling: Slovenija
- Flight routes from Slovenia: 1107
- Flight routes to Slovenia: 675
- Popular airports: Ljubljana (LJU)
- Large cities: Ljubljana, Maribor, Celje, Kranj, Velenje, Koper, Novo Mesto, Ptuj, Trbovlje, Nova Gorica, Kamnik, Jesenice, Murska Sobota, Škofja Loka, Domžale
- Airlines based in Slovenia: Adria Airways
Slovenia travel guide (Europe)
Slovenia is the first former Yugoslavian country to become a member of the EU. Slovenia shares borders with Italy, Austria, Hungary and Croatia. This small country between the Alps and the Adriatic, with only two million inhabitants, has had success in developing the tourist industry due to its very varied landscapes and carefully maintained infrastructure. Slovenia is popular for skiing holidays apart from being prized by hikers and those interested in the country's cultural heritage.
Geography. Slovenia has many and varied types of landscape, such as the Julian Alps, the Kamnik Alps and the Karawanken. The highest elevation in the country, the Triglav (2,864 m), is located in the Triglav National Park. The most important rivers in the country include the Soča, the Sava, the Drava and the Mura. Lake Bled is a particularly popular destination with tourists from the UK and offers visitors sights such as Lake Bled castle and Bled Island in its picturesque setting.
Climate. The south west of Slovenia enjoys a Mediterranean climate with warm summers and mild but wet winters. Inland, the climate is more continental. On the Mediterranean coast, a sub-Mediterranean climate prevails whereas in the Alps and the Karawanken, the climate tends to be alpine at higher elevations.
Tourism and transport. Slovenia has an excellent infrastructure with a modern and highly developed road network. Besides the major airport near Ljubljana, there are also two smaller international airports in Maribor and Portoroz.
Capital of Slovenia. Ljubljana is the capital of Slovenia and is also the largest city in the country. The city is located in the Ljubljana basin of the rivers Sava and Ljubljanica. Ljubljana is the political, economic and cultural centre of Slovenia, has a university and is the seat of a Roman Catholic archbishop. Due to its location south of the Alps, Ljubljana has an important function as an international transport hub for traffic between Italy and Hungary, and Austria and Croatia. About 25 km (15 miles) from Ljubljana is the main international airport in the country, Ljubljana-Brnik. The western side of Ljubljana is the more modern part of the city, while the eastern side forms the old historic town. Both neighborhoods are characterized by a large number of bridges, the largest and best known of these is the Tromostovje Prešernov on Trg (Prešern). On the hill above the city stands the Castle of Ljubljana, which is visible from almost everywhere and offers excellent views over Ljubljana. The castle can be reached by foot, car or seasonal train services. Ljubljana is famous for its magnificent baroque and art nouveau buildings, but mainly for the unique works by the architect Joze Plecnik, and for its well-preserved historic centre. Local attractions include Ljubljana castle, the City Hall, the Franciscan church on Prešeren square, Ljubljana Cathedral, the archbishop's palace and the buildings designed by Joze Plecnik, such as a number of bridges, Ljubljana university, the Slovenian national library, the cemetery Zale, and Križanke.
Other interesting towns in Slovenia include Bled, a traditional holiday resort on the shores of Lake Bled; the second largest Slovenian, Piran, an impressive seaside town with a picturesque town centre influenced by Venetian architecture; Koper, an old port city of La Serenissima, and Ptuj an ancient Roman village with a medieval centre.