Trinidad and Tobago (TT)
- Continent: North America
- Area: 5,128 km²
- Population: 1,310,100
- Capital city: Port of Spain
- ISO code: TT
- National language: English
- International dialing code: +1868
- Currency: Trinidad and Tobago Dollar
- License plate number: TT
- Alternative spelling: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad e Tobago
- Flight routes from Trinidad and Tobago: 743
- Flight routes to Trinidad and Tobago: 846
- Popular airports: Port of Spain (POS), Tobago (TAB)
- Large cities: Chaguanas, Mon Repos, Port of Spain, Arima, Marabella, Point Fortin, Tunapuna, Sangre Grande, Paradise, Arouca, Princes Town, Siparia, Couva, Peñal, Scarborough
- Airlines based in Trinidad and Tobago: Caribbean Airlines
Trinidad and Tobago travel guide (North America)
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is a part of the lesser Antilles and is located in the Caribbean about 12 km north of the coast of Venezuela.
Geography: the topography of both islands consists of three parallel mountain chains called ranges. The southern and the middle range on Trinidad reach a height of 300 m in the centre. The northern range is noticeably higher and covered in dense rainforest with the foothills ending in steep cliffs on the coast. The " El Cerro de Aripo", is in the northern range on Trinidad and, with an altitude of 941 m, is also the highest mountain on the islands. The countryside in Tobago has similar characteristics to that on the island of Trinidad, with rainforest covering up to 60% of the entire area. On both islands the plains are used primarily for agricultural purposes.
Climate and best time to visit: the climate on the Lesser Antilles is tropical throughout the year, the average daytime temperature is about 30° C, falling to about 20° at night.
Language and communication: the official and national language is English. In many places local inhabitants will also speak French, Spanish, Hindi, Mandarin Chinese and Patois.
Health and vaccinations: vaccination against hepatitis A, typhoid, diphtheria, polio and tetanus is recommended. Long clothing should be worn to provide protection against mosquitoes and other insects, and a locally purchased insect repellent should also be used. Medical care is of a sufficient standard in all the tourist resorts. Visitors are advised to take out comprehensive medical and travel insurance that covers repatriation costs. A first aid kit should be packed and fruit and vegetables peeled or boiled before being eaten
Entry requirements: British visitors do not require a visa to enter Trinidad and Tobago. Visits of up to 90 days are generally allowed, but this period can be extended at the Passport and Immigration Department.
Arrival and onward journey: the island of Trinidad is frequently served by international airlines, and both islands are also served by flights from Amsterdam (AMS) or London (LHR). Arriving by plane at the airport on Tobago Crown Point (TAB) is very impressive, providing a good view of the Bay of Buccoo, with one of the most beautiful coral reefs in the world. Landing at the international airport Piarco (POS) on Trinidad on the other hand involves a magnificent view of the capital and the wide bay.
Capital city: the Port of Spain is on the Gulf of Paria in the north of Trinidad and is also the seat of the largest harbour of the country. Attractions include the neo-gothic church erected in the year 1832, the “Catedral of the Immaculate Conception" and the Friday mosque, the "Jama Masjid", with its delicate minaret. The 200 meter high lookout point provides good views of the Caribbean life in the city and on clear days even allows visitors to see as far as the hills in Venezuela.
Places of interest and beaches: wide sandy beaches, a varied culture and lush green rainforests make for a perfect holiday in the tropics. Thanks to the prosperity due to oil and tar reserves on the islands and the cultivation of tropical fruits, coffee and tobacco, the islands have managed to avoid mass tourism.
Trinidad is the larger of the two islands and has wonderful tropical beaches on the north and the east coast. The capital of the republic, the Port of Spain is also to be found here. Port of Spain is on the Gulf of Paria in the north and is also the largest harbour in the country. The main attraction in Trinidad is Pitch Lake near San Fernando. It is about 80 km from the Port of Spain and the island has this natural wonder to thank for its prosperity. The lake, measuring 37 ha, consists of asphalt, which oozes out of a crater that is fringed by trees and shrubs, filling up time and again. The Asa Wright Nature Center is also worth a visit; it is the most beautiful and most visited conservation area in Trinidad and is situated on a former coffee plantation, near the town of Arima. Arima is a good starting point for an excursion to the stalactite Aripo Caves 14 km to the north.
The islands are a paradise for beach walkers. The most popular beaches on Trinidad are Maracas Bay, Las Cuevas and Chaguarams. On the neighbouring island of Tobago, only 20 minutes by plane, the most beautiful beaches are Castara Beach, King´s Bay, Pigeon Point, Charlotteville and Turtle Beach.
Religion: there is a broad religious and ethnic diversity on the islands of Trinidad and Tobago. All sorts of religious communities are represented, with the Roman Catholic Church and the Hindus forming the majorities, counting 26% and 23% respectively.
Major Cities and accommodation: Chaguanas, San Juan, San Fernando, Port of Spain and Arima.